The Art and Science of Healing: From Antiquity to the Renaissance

The Art and Science of Healing: From Antiquity to the RenaissanceThe Art and Science of Healing: From Antiquity to the Renaissance

Anatomical Manual

Anatomical manual

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Liber scriptus est in coenobio Pruvingensi sub Erbone abbate ab H. Wolfgero et Swichero anno 1158. Corporis humani arteriae et venae duabus figuris exhibitae Bavaria; 12th c. Manuscript codex on vellum; 560 x 390 mm CLM 13002. Courtesy of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Munich

As indicated in the title, this manuscript was copied by a Benedictine monk at the Bavarian abbey of PrĂ¼fening in the second half of the twelfth century. It includes a set of anatomical drawings, the so-called five-figure series. This page depicts veins (left) and arteries (right); the next page shows bones, nerves, and muscles. These images, along with a very simplified version of Galenic texts, probably also echoing the anatomical teaching from Hellenistic Alexandria, were designed for teaching. Drawings of this style could be found in other Persian and Latin manuscripts as well.