The Art and Science of Healing: From Antiquity to the Renaissance

The Art and Science of Healing: From Antiquity to the RenaissanceThe Art and Science of Healing: From Antiquity to the Renaissance

Medicine and the Roman Army

In his treatise on the Roman army, Epitoma rei militaris, Vegetius emphasized the importance of maintaining the health of soldiers:

It is the duty of the officers of the legion, of the tribunes, and even of the commander-in-chief himself, to take care that sick soldiers are supplied with proper diet and diligently attended by physicians.

Aulus Cornelius Celsus (fl. AD 25) and Paul of Aegina (ca. AD 625-690) give us detailed descriptions of how surgeons should extract arrows and missiles from wounded soldiers.